Association of Mariana Islands Mayors: Cockfighting Our Culture Tradition

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A quick search of “culture” and “cultural” on the International Bill of Human Rights (IBHR) will result to a total of 13 lines from 11 articles.

– Gameness til the End

PS

The International Bill of Human Rights (IBHR) is composed of:

  • the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (composed of 30 articles)
  • the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) (composed of 31 articles) and its Optional Protocol
    • the Optional Protocol of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR-OP) (composed of 22 articles)
  • the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (composed of 53 articles) and its two Optional Protocols
    • the First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-OP1) (composed of 14 articles)
    • the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty (ICCPR-OP2) (composed of 11 articles)

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article 22

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 27

(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

PART I – Article 1

1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

PART II – Article 3

The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to ensure the equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of all economic, social and cultural rights set forth in the present Covenant.

PART III – Article 6

2. The steps to be taken by a State Party to the present Covenant to achieve the full realization of this right shall include technical and vocational guidance and training programmes, policies and techniques to achieve steady economic, social and cultural development and full and productive employment under conditions safeguarding fundamental political and economic freedoms to the individual.

PART III – Article 15

1. The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone:
(a) To take part in cultural life;
2. The steps to be taken by the States Parties to the present Covenant to achieve the full realization of this right shall include those necessary for the conservation, the development and the diffusion of science and culture.
4. The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the benefits to be derived from the encouragement and development of international contacts and co-operation in the scientific and cultural fields.

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Article 2 Communications

Communications may be submitted by or on behalf of individuals or groups of individuals, under the jurisdiction of a State Party, claiming to be victims of a violation of any of the economic, social and cultural rights set forth in the Covenant by that State Party. Where a communication is submitted on behalf of individuals or groups of individuals, this shall be with their consent unless the author can justify acting on their behalf without such consent.

Article 11 Inquiry procedure

2. If the Committee receives reliable information indicating grave or systematic violations by a State Party of any of the economic, social and cultural rights set forth in the Covenant, the Committee shall invite that State Party to cooperate in the examination of the information and to this end to submit observations with regard to the information concerned.

Article 14 International assistance and cooperation

3. A trust fund shall be established in accordance with the relevant procedures of the General Assembly, to be administered in accordance with the financial regulations and rules of the United Nations, with a view to providing expert and technical assistance to States Parties, with the consent of the State Party concerned, for the enhanced implementation of the rights contained in the Covenant, thus contributing to building national capacities in the area of economic, social and cultural rights in the context of the present Protocol.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

PART I – Article 1

1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

PART III – Article 27

In those States in which ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities exist, persons belonging to such minorities shall not be denied the right, in community with the other members of their group, to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practise their own religion, or to use their own language.

PPS

Read the complete text of these rights at Human Rights Day: Every 10th of December.

Guam, NMI municipal officials: Cockfighting part of local culture

Marianas Variety | 12 Dec 2017
Junhan B. Todiño | Variety News Staff

MUNICIPAL officials on Guam and in the CNMI believe that cockfighting activities are part of local culture and should not be banned in the islands.

During a recent meeting, the Association of Mariana Islands Mayors, Vice Mayors and Elected Municipal Council Members or AMIM adopted a resolution which calls for the islands’ exemption from H.R. 4202 or the Parity in Animal Cruelty Enforcement Act.

Introduced in the U.S. Congress last month, the bill aims to upgrade the federal law against dogfighting and cockfighting “to clarify that the territories of the United States are not exempt from a series of legal prohibitions against animal fighting.”

Saipan Mayor David M. Apatang said he and the other AMIM members disagree.

“They should not include us because that’s part of our culture,” the mayor said, referring to cockfights.

According to the AMIM resolution,

“Cockfighting is a longstanding community tradition practiced among the people of Guam and the CNMI, a tradition that has been passed down to the present generation and enjoyed by people during island fiestas, national holidays and family gatherings.”

Cockfights

“bring people together, reinforce kinship, allow people to reminisce about the old days and forge lasting bonds.”

Apatang said the people of Guam and the CNMI have also recognized the important of regulating cockfighting to ensure the humane treatment of the fighting cocks and fairness in the conduct of cockfights.

The AMIM resolution was addressed to Guam Gov. Edward Calvo, CNMI Gov. Ralph Torres, Guam Delegate Madeleine Bordallo and CNMI Delegate Gregorio Kilili Camacho Sablan.




poultry gamefowl chicken gamecock

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