– Gameness til the End
NFGB Unified Derby Rules
COCKFIGHTING IS A UNIQUE FILIPINO HERITAGE, A CULTURAL TRADITION THAT EPITOMIZES SPORTSMANSHIP, THE HONORABLE OBSERVANCE OF FAIR PLAY, RESPECT FOR OTHERS AND GRACIOUSNESS IN LOSING ARE THE NORMS OF THE SPORT THAT FILIPINOS STRICTLY ADHERE TO WITHOUT EXCEPTION. IN THE PURSUIT OF THE SPORT, AFICIONADOS ARE HELD IN HIGH ESTEEM; DETRACTORS ARE OBSTRACIZED. THE SPORT CONFORMS TO THE PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY, WHERE THE EXTREMES OF SOCIETY, FROM THE BAREFOOT FARMERS, THE HIGH AND MIGHTY AND ALL THOSE IN-BETWEEN ARE TREATED AS EQUALS.
BY ADOPTING THIS UNIFIED DERBY RULES AND OBEYING ITS MANDATES, WE HOPE TO FINALLY SUCCEED IN ENLIGHTENING THE PUBLIC AND DIMINISH, IF NOT ERADICATE SOCIETY’S NAGGING BIAS AND DISDAIN AGAINST SABONG.
UPON THE FOREGOING, THE NATIONAL FEDERATION OF GAMEFOWL BREEDERS, INC. PROMULGATES THESE RULES:
RULE NO. 1 – DEFINITION OF TERMS
It is imperative for the orderly and wholesome conduct of cockfighting that its participants and aficionados share a common understanding of particular words and phrases used in the sport. We thus need a unified (to borrow from the caption of our rules, (circumscribed, limited meaning for our cockfighting derby words and phrases – to the end that a derby-ist from IloIlo participating in Tuguegarao would feel at ease, confident that PAGBA and CVGBA both use the federation’s Unified Derby Rules.
a. FEDERATION: NFGB – The National federation of Gamefowl Breeders, Inc.
b. ASSOCIATION – an organization of gamecock breeders that is a member of the federation.
Unless otherwise qualified, the term federation or NFGB shall include all the member associations under its umbrella.
c. PROMOTER – one who organizes a derby.
d. DERBY COMMITTEE – an ad hoc or regular committee composed of one (1) or three (3) members designated by the federation to supervise derby proceedings and is empowered to resolve with finality disputes involving any of the rules and those that may not have been covered thereby.
e. RIGHT OF REFUSAL – the federation may exercise its discretion to deny, for reasons of its own, participation of any entry in NFGB derbies.
f. COCK – a matured rooster, the male of a chicken that has already undergone its first annual molt, pugnacious by nature, bred and trained to upgrade its capability to fight.
g. STAG – a young rooster twelve (12) months of age or younger.
h. BULLSTAG – a stag more than twelve (12) months of age (the stage in a rooster’s life between stag and cock.)
(NOTE: Unless otherwise qualified, the use of the term cock shall also include stag and bullstag.)
i. COCKFIGHT / SOLTADA – a fight between two (2) cocks armed with knives (tari), upon the result of which bets are laid.
j. COCKFIGHTING / SABONG – the sport of pitting cocks in the manner of a cockfight.
k. DERBY – a cockfighting event organized by the federation or a promoter where the participants agree to fight a given number of cocks matched according to parity or proximity in weights upon the result of which a pool of money (pot) is disposed and paid by the federation/promoter to the winners.
l. COCKPIT / SABUNGAN / GALLERA – the venue of cockfighting.
m. PIT / RUEDA – the arena in a cockpit where cocks are released to fight.
n. KNIFE / TARI – a steel weapon of distinct curving shape and with a single cutting edge that tapers to a piercing point used in a cockfighting, fashioned according to the traditional art and technique evolved by Filipino artisans, and still continually undergoing improvements by inheritors of the trade.
o. PIT MANAGER – one who, before the start of a soltada, controls and administers proceedings in the pit according to the rules, and enforces discipline and order therein.
p. REFEREE / SENTECIADOR – one who officiates in a cockfighting with full authority and control of the pit from the start of a fight until he renders his decision on the outcome thereof.
q. HANDLER / SOLTADOR – one who release a cock in a cockfight.
r. HEELER / MANANARI – an expert in the art of tying a knife/tari on a cock’s leg.
s. ENTRY – the name given by or on behalf of the participant in a derby under which his cocks will fight and by which he is identified for the purpose of establishing his rights and obligations for participating in the derby.
t. ENTRY FEE – a definite sum of money paid by all the participants (entries) in a derby, to be able to join said contest.
u. POT / POT MONEY – the sum total of the entry fees.
v. CENTER BET / PARADA – a bet laid in a particular fight through the pit manager.
w. LLAMADO – the cock in whose favor is laid a center bet bigger than that of its opponent.
x. DEJADO – the cock in whose favor is laid a center bet smaller than that of its opponent.
y. MERON – the area in the pit where the cock with a bigger center bet laid is stationed.
z. WALA – the area in the pit where the cock with a smaller center bet laid is stationed.
aa. PAGO – a bet solicited to augment the center bet of the dejado, in order to equalize with the llamado’s bet.
bb. RECORDED WEIGHT – the weight of a cock submitted for an entry and entered in the matching record.
cc. ACTUAL WEIGHT – the weight of a cock taken when presented for heeling or reheeling as the case may be.
dd. LEG BAND – a numbered band attached around a cock’s leg for identification purposes, removed prior to the match, on the pit or rueda.
ee. MATCHING – a selection process whereby cocks of the same or approximate weights are matched and programmed to fight.
ff. DOUBLE FIGHTS – the matching of two (2) fights between two (2) entries during a given derby day.
gg. CARREO / CONFRONTATION – the process of bringing the cocks face to face (beak to beak) when one or both cease fighting for the purpose of determining whether the fight should continue or a decision thereon may be made, executed by the referee in accordance with the traditional 3-up-3-down system described in annex “a” of the rules.
hh. BREAK – an interruption of the carreo caused by the reciprocal hitting and/or pecking of the cocks.
ii. BAD WEIGHT – the condition where the actual weight of a cock exceeds or is below its recorded weight by more than the allowed limit set in the rules. Note: in case there is disparity in the recorded weight of the protagonists, the higher recorded weight shall be used in computing for the excess in weight of both cocks. For those below the recorded weight, computations shall be made using the recorded weight of the individual cocks to determine if it has dropped its weight below the limit set in the rules.
jj. BAD SHAPE – the apparent or verifiable imperfect or unnatural appearance or condition of a cock that will, or is likely to, enhance, intimidate or undermine his or its opponent’s natural capability to fight.
kk. DEFAULT – the failure of an entry to present his cock for leg banding; weighing; heeling; or pitting within the prescribed period therefore.
ll. SUBSTITION – the replacement of a matched cock with another under certain conditions.
mm. SUBSTITUTE COCK – the replacement cock in a substitution case.
nn. POINT – the score that a cock makes in a fight, a win yields one (1) point; a draw, one-half (1/2) point; and a lose, zero (0).
oo. NO-BEARING FIGHT – a programmed fight in a derby where, if allowed to proceed, the outcome thereof would not have any effect on the derby results, including special prizes.
pp. JOKER – a cock that is provided by the pit manager to be fought against unmatched cocks after the matching process fails to find an opponent for it, due to weight constraints.
qq. 2 HOURS / 16 FIGHTS REGULATIONS – the time or number of fights allowed for a rescheduled fight, to resume.
rr. COUNT DOWN – a reverse counting of time units, applied in timing the fight, to ensure adherence to the ten minute limit.
RULE NO. 2 – APPLICABILITY OF NFGB RULES
The unified derby rules shall govern the conduct of derbies promoted by the federation.
However, the federation may grant requests of an association for exemptions from the application of certain rules or the modification thereof to suit local conditions.
RULE NO. 3 – SCHEDULE OF DERBIES
The schedule of derbies of the federation shall be set by its board of trustees.
RULE NO. 4 – PAYMENT OF ENTRY FEE
Unless the federation prescribes otherwise, the entry fee shall be paid upon or prior to the submission of the weights,; otherwise the entry, who fails to do so, shall be excluded from participating in the derby.
RULE NO. 5 – WEIGHT LIMITS
The weight of a stag/cock to fight in a derby of the federation shall not be less than 1.7kg nor more than 2.2kg in a stag derby; and not less than 1.9kg nor n=more than 2.45kg in a cock derby.
RULE NO. 6 – SUBMISSION OF WEIGHTS
The weights of the cocks to fight in a derby shall be submitted on the eve of the derby day at the place designated and during the time prescribed by the federation. Thereafter, matching shall follow immediately.
RULE NO. 7 – RIGHT OF REFUSAL OF ENTRY
The federation has the right not to allow the participation of any entry in its derby promotions for reasons of its own.
RULE NO. 8 – RECORDING OF WEIGHTS
If announced beforehand by the NFGB, the weights of cocks to fight in a derby shall be recorded by the owner of the entry or his authorized representative, in two-parts: with the first part containing the entry number and entry name deposited in a drop box marked “a.” and the second part containing the entry number and weights deposited in a drop box marked “b.”. The same shall be shown to the authorized personnel of the derby committee to assure readability of the data contained therein.
Otherwise, the more practical forms of weight submissions done personally, thru telephone, cellphone, and similar means, may be resorted to.
RULE NO. 9 – COMPUTERIZED MATCHING; NO FIGHT ARANGEMENT; MULTIPLE ENTRIES
The matching of derby fights shall be computerized in the presence of the derby committee and interested participants. The computer shall be programmed to match in progression starting with cocks of the same weights and ending with the pair of farthest weight gap, give or take:
a. 20 grams for stags weighing 1.9kg or lower and 30 grams for stags weighing more than 1.9 kg; and,
b. 30 grams for cocks weighing 2.2 kg or lower, and 50 grams for cocks weighing more than 2.2 kg.
PRACTICES THAT MAKE UNEQUAL THE CHANCE TO WIN A DERBY
It is now the opportune time to discard the old practices of 1) no-fight among different entries mutually agreeing to the arrangement and 2) multiple entries.
The no-fight practice, analyzed critically, is not any different from tolerating the formation of a gang that fights anybody except among themselves. It imposes unfairly upon the federation of derby promoter the solution to a problem not of its making, as the problem is in fact personal to the entries and entirely within their control to solve by simply being mindful of the weight gap limits set in the rules.
The same inequitable situation, though of a lesser degree, obtains in multiple entries owned by an individual or group. This practice discriminates against a participant who can afford to enter just one entry even if he has materials available for more entries; and, conversely, the practice yields undue advantage to one who has the finances to underwrite multiple entries, even if he does not own a single cock.
Both the no-fight and multiple entries practices work heavily against the chances of the single entry – three chances against one – logro tatlo sa isa kaagad on the basis of 3 no-fights or 3 multiple, the odds increasing as more no-fights and multiple entries are allowed.
The no-fight practice by mutual agreement among different entries has no place in our rules. So also with resorted to in the few instances when a particular promotion would fail unless it attains the minimum number of entries necessary to reach the financial break – even- point of the promotion .This exception recognizes the fact that multiple entries increase the number of fights; no-fight does not, in fact it even constricts the leeway for matching.
In sum, these practices and similar others that may arise as we go along, subvert the sportsmanship we yearn for in sabong.
The No Fight arrangement as discussed above shall not be allowed.
The multiple entries may be resorted to only to augment the number of entries necessary to make the derby promotion financially viable; provided the multiple entries shall have exactly the same names but are distinguishable from one another by affixing the roman numerals i, ii and iii.
RULE NO. 10 – NO DOUBLE FIGHTS
The computer shall be programmed to avoid double fights
RULE NO. 11 – EXCEPTION TO COMPUTERIZED MATCHING
If computerized matching is unavailing (as when the computer is out of order, or its operator is indisposed, or a brownout occurs, or for any other similar causes ) the “bola system of matching as heretofore widely practiced shall be resorted to.
RULE NO. 12 – FIGHT SEQUENCE
Fight sequence shall strictly follow the procedure of early fight, early finish, late fight, late finish; and as far as practiceable, the interval between the fights of an entry approximates that of any other.
The first five fights or more, depending on the number of fights, shall start with the pairs of lowest weights, I n ascending order; and the next number of fights shall start with the pairs of highest weights, in descending order.
RULE NO. 13 – IMPOSABLE PENALTIES
For infraction s of the rules, the penalties that may be imposed are any or a combination of the following:
a. Fine equal to the minimum center bet or a percentage thereof;
b. Forfeiture of the entry fee;
c. Other fines, forfeiture and pecuniary as may be imposed by the derby committee;
d. Prohibition to proceed with the scheduled/rescheduled fight, the same to be indicated by the letter “x” in the score board/sheet.
e. Disqualification to take part in the derby;
f. Indefinite or perpetual disentitlement from participating in whatever capacity in all derbies promoted by the federation.
RULE NO. 14 – LEGBANDING: CONSEQUENCES OF NON-COMPLIANCE
All cocks to fight in a derby lust be leg banded at the place at the place and by the personnel designated by the derby committee for the purpose not later than two (2) hours or more, at the discretion of the derby committee, before the start of derby fights. Non-compliance shall have the following effects.
a. A delay of less than one (1) hour shall be fined an amount equal to one-half of the entry fee.
b. A delay or more than one (1) hour shall subject the errant entry to the penalties provided in sections (b) and (e) of rule no. 13; and,
c. A repetition of more than one (1) hour delay in a subsequent derby shall subject the offender to the same penalties provided in section (b) and section (f) of rule no. 13.
Cocks whose appearance are like any of those mentioned in section ©, rule no. 19 shall not be accepted for legbanding. They may be changed with acceptable ones, subject to the provisions on delays in sections (a) and (b) of rule no. 14; other wise, the entry they belong to shall suffer the consequences in sections (b) and (e) for rule no 13; and rule no. 54 shall then be applied.
As a consequence of sections (b) or (c) of rule no. 14, the opponents of the disqualified entry shall be matched according to rule no. 54.
RULE NO. 15 – START OF DERBY
THE START OF A DERBY SHALL BE BASED ON THE NUMBER OF FIGHT SCHEDULE FOR ONE DERBY DAY, THUS:
NO. OF FIGHTS START OF DERBLY
a. Up to 40 fights 7:00 P. M.
b. 41 to 48 fights 6:00 P.M.
c. 49 to 56 fights 5:00 P.M.
d. 57 to 64 fights 4:00 P.M.
e. 65 to 72 fights 3:00 P.M.
f. More than 72 fights 2:00 P.M. or earlier, based on eight fights per hour
RULE NO. 16 – DOUBTFUL IDENTITY OF COCK; CONSEQUENCES
The integrity of the leg band (including the wing band in a stag derby ) to guarantee the identity of a cock until it is to fight must remain intact. If the band is lost, detached, mutilated, or affect by any similar condition or circumstance, the entry concerned shall suffer these penalties.
a. Loses the right to proceed with the fight;
b. Forfeits the minimum center bet to the opponent; and,
c. Gets no point indicated by the letter “X” in the score board/sheet.
As a consequence, rule no. 44 shall be followed within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1 to determine the score of the opponent.
RULE NO. 17 – DEFAULT; CONSEQUENCES
Default shall be penalized as follows:
a. For failing to present the cocks for leg banding, the entry shall suffer the penalties provided in sections (b) and (e), rule no. 13, As a consequence, rule no. 54 shall be followed.
b. From the expiration of the one (1) minute provided in rule no. 20 every minute of delay thereafter to present the cock for weighing and heeling shall be penalized a fine equal to one half (1/2) of the minimum bet payable to the opponent.
c. After heeling, an entry shall present the cock at the arena within one (1) minute from the time it is summoned for the purposes. Every minute of delay thereafter shall be penalized a fine equal to one half (1/2) of the minimum center bet payable to the opponent
The delay in sections (b) and (c) shall in no case exceed three (3) minutes; otherwise, in addition to the penalties in said sections (b) and (c), the entry in default shall get no point for that fight reflected in the score board/sheet with the letter “x”; forfeits its minimum center bet to the opponent; and as a consequence, rule no. 44 shall applied within the limit set in section (qq), rule no. 1.
RULE NO. 18 – BAD WEIGHT; EFFECTS
Bad weight shall be resolved as follows:
a. If the actual weight of a cock exceeds or is below its recorded weight by more than thirty-five (35) but not more than fifty (50) grams and the recorded or actual weight of its opponent, whichever is higher, the errant entry shall pay its opponent a fine equal to one-half (1/2) of the minimum center bet to the opponent, and, the fight as scheduled shall proceed.
b. If the actual weight of a cock exceeds or is below its recorded weight by more than fifty (50) grams and the recorded or actual weight of its opponent, whichever is higher, the errant entry shall pay a fine equal to one-half (1/2) of the minimum center bet; and shall use a substitute cock, weighing equal to or less by not more than (35) grams, than the recorded or actual weight of its opponent. Whichever is higher; and the fight shall be re-scheduled within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1
c. IF the cocks are mutually in bad weight and difference in weight between them does not exceed thirty five (35) grams, the fight shall be cancelled and neither party earns a point, indicated by the letter “x” in the score board/sheet.
RULE NO. 19 – BAD SHAPE; EFFECTS
The instances and effects of a cock in bad shape are the following:
a. Subject to the option in rule no. 24, if a cock limps on its heeled leg, it shall be re-heeled within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1 without penalty.
If the cock still limps on re-heeling, it shall be replaced with another weighing not more than the actual weight of the opponent taken when presented for heeling or re-heeling, whichever is higher; nor one of lesser weight by more than thirty five (e35) grams.
The entry pays its opponents a fine equal to one-half (1/2) of the minimum center bet ;and the fight shall be re-scheduled within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1.
If the substitute cock also limps, or is in any other form of bad shape, the entry it belongs to shall suffer the consequences provided in sections (a) and (d), rule no. 13; and rule no. 44 shall be followed within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1 to determine the score of the opponent.
b. If a cock manifests any sign of hesitation to fight, such as raised feathers be3hid the head, depressed body feathers, or moving away in the presence of another cock, or indisposition, such as droopiness, shivering, injury, or quitting before being hit by its opponent; or any other similar conditions, a substitute cock shall be used, weighing equal to or less by not more than thirty five (35) grams than the equal weight of the opponent taken when presented for heeling or re-heeling, whichever is higher, and the fight shall be re-scheduled within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1 to determine the score of its opponent.
c. If the cock’s appearance has been drastically altered (for in stance, the neck feathers were cut to simulate the likeness of a vulture, or the feather were dyed with colors different from what is natural to the cock, or any other similar alteration), the errant entry shall suffer the same penalties and consequences provided in the second paragraph of section (b) above.
Bad shape shall be determined by the derby committee at the pit or elsewhere, depending upon its discretion.
To test if a cock hesitates to fight; the derby committee may direct that the cock shall be leashed and held at is end by its handler while the referee or one designated by the derby committee hold before it another cock at a distance close enough to provoke a reaction from the cock.
After re-healing , whether the cock also limps or not, if it suffers from any of the instances of bad shapes in section (b) above, the entry shall suffer the penalties in sections (a) and (d), rule no. 13; and, as a consequence, rule no. 43 shall be followed within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1 to determine the score of its opponent.
d. If the cock is in any other condition or circumstance that will or tends to impair its natural ability to fight or that o fits opponent’s, the errant entry shall suffer the penalties in sections (a) and (d) of rule no. 13; and as a consequence, rule no. 44 shall be followed within the limit set in section (qq) rule no. 1 to determine the score of its opponent.
RULE NO. 20 – TIME LIMIT TO LIMBER
Ample time shall be allowed an entry to limber its cock before being summoned to heel for a scheduled or re-scheduled fight. Thereafter and within one (1) minute from receiving notice to heel, it shall forthwith present the cock for weighing and proceed to heel the cock.
RULE NO. 21- WEIGHING SCALE
Only the weighing scale of the federation or that provided by the owner/operator of the venue of the derby and acceptable to the derby committee shall be used to take the actual weights.
RULE NO. 22 – WEIGHING AND HEELING
The minimum and heeling shall be done in the place designed for the purpose by the derby committee.
RULE NO. 23 – CENTER BET LIMITS
The minimum and maximum limits of a center bet that may be laid for a derby fight shall be determined by the federation for each particular derby promotion, the same to be indicated in the corresponding invitation, publication, announcement, and other forms of disseminations.
RULE NO. 24 – HEELING OPTION
An entry may opt to heel/re-heel his cock on the right leg for a reason acceptable to the derby committee, as when it cannot be heeled on the left leg because of injury, or limps after heeling, or for any reason that compromises its capability to fight.
RULE NO. 25 – ACCEPTABILITY OF KNIVES AND PARAPHERNALIA
The knives and paraphernalia to be used for heeling shall be subject to inspection and subjected to reasonable procedures by authorized personnel of the derby committee, to determine conformance with section (n) rule no. 1 and to be able to neutralize any harmful substance that may be present in them.
RULE NO. 26 – CONTROL OF PIT MANAGER OVER COCKS AT ARENA; EFFECTS OF UNAUTHORIZED REMOVAL
Once a cock is brought to the pit for its scheduled fight, it shall not be removed there from by whomsoever without the prior approval of the pit manager. The owner or co-owner of the entry, or his handler or employee, or any one authorized to act on influence. Whoever violates this rule shall be directed to return the cock within one (1) minute of the action. If he complies, the fight shall proceed; if he does not comply, the following penalties shall be imposed against him:
a. His entry loss the right to proceed with the fight.
b. His entry gets no point for the aborted fight indicated in the score board/sheet by the capital letter “x.”
c. His forfeits the minimum center bet in favor of his opponent;
d. He shall be warmed that a repletion of the same offenses during the same or subsequent derby of the federation shall subject him to the same sections (a), (b) and (c) above; and he shall be barred from further participation in derbies of the federation.
As a consequence of the aborted fight, rule no. 44 shall be followed within the limit set in section (qq), rule no. 1 to determine the score of its opponent.
RULE NO. 27 – CASH OR CHECK FOR FEES, BETS, PENALTIES
Fees, center bets, solicited bets (pagos), fines, penalties and all moneys due or payable to or thru the federation may be paid in cash or by check. If payment is made in check, the drawer must be a derby participant and the amount of the check drawn must not be more than the account to be settled. However, an aficionado whose pago was solicited may pay his pago with his present check.
RULE NO . 28 – WARM –UP
After the center bets are squared, the handlers shall be allowed a limited time to warm-up their fighting cocks, thereafter, they shall release their cock upon the signal of the referee.
RULE NO. 29 – NO SIDE BETS IN THE PIT
No person shall call for or take side bets inside the arena.
RULE NO. 30 – PERSONS IN THE PIT
The number of persons in the pit shall not exceed five (5) including the handlers and the referee.
RULE NO. 31 – FIGHT DISTANCE
The cock shall be allowed to fight for not more than ten (10) minutes, counted from the time a cock makes a pass over or hits the other, or when they hit each other simultaneously. The fight shall be considered finished when the referee renders a decision on the outcome of the fight within the period allowed; provided, that a carreo in progress when the time is up, shall continue to determine its outcome.
RULE NO. 32 – REFEREE’S AUTHORITY
From the start of a fight and until a decision thereon is reached, the referee has full control and authority over the arena and the proceeding therein. In the exercise thereof and whenever in his judgment events or circumstances so require, he may call for the assistance of the persons in arena.
RULE NO. 33 – IMPARTIAL REFEREE
In cockfighting, much depends upon the conduct of the referee- it can cut either way, a plus or a minus to fairplay. This is not acceptable to the federation. The referee must be trustworthy, his integrity intact and beyond suspicion. He might not be able to keep his uprightness by himself. Therefore, the cockfighters, aficionados, especially the derby-ists themselves must be supportive of a referee’s respectability but, at the same time vigilant any act or omission of the referee that might be inimical to the sport.
To help him protect his impartiality , the following must be observed:
a. The number of derby fighters shall be appointed among the referees who shall officiate by turn determined by lottery (like ‘bola” or the toss of a coin) or any other fair and suitable means.
b. No participant may choose a particular referee to officiate a particular fight nor object the assignment of one made in accordance with the rules.
c. A referee shall be paid on a per-fight basis, and his compensation rate shall be fixed by the federation according to his reputation, talent, experience and other merits, but in no case shall his total compensation be less than what he is paid for a similar service in any other competitive venue.
On his part, the referee must know by heart the standards of conduct in annex “b” of the unified derby rules of the federation.
RULE NO. 34 – PROPER RELEASE BY HANDLER
Like the referee, much depends upon the conduct of the handler in defining sportsmanship in sabong, of the basic instruction in annex “c” of the rules, he must be specially conscious of no. 2 which reads:
He shall release his cock only upon the signal of the referee on the designated release area and at the sometime as the other handler. (walang subuan)
Violation of this rule makes the handler liable to a fine equal to the minimum center bet in that derby and any other penalties the derby committee may impose on the exercise of its discretion.
RULE NO. 35 – TIMER AND STANDBY GENERATOR
The timing device to measure the fight period shall be provided by the owner/operator of the venue of derbies of the federation, they shall also provide a stand-by generator
RULE NO. 36- INTERVENTION IN BAD SHAPE
From the moment the cock are released to fight, the referee must be ready for a timely intervention should conditions of bad shape manifests in any of the cocks in combat.
RULE NO. 37 – EXECUTION OF CARREO
If at any time during the fight period one or both cease fighting, the referee shall immediately execute the carreo or confrontation by applying the 3-up-3 down system discussed in annex “a” of the rules.
RULES NO. 38 – CARREO AT CENTER OF ARENA
As much as possible, the referee shall execute the carreo at the center of the arena.
RULE NO. 39 – STRAY COCK
If at any time during the fight period a cock strays from the arena, it shall be retrieved by the referee or done under his supervision, in order for the fight to continue inside the arena. If the cocks continue fighting outside the arena, the fight shall be allowed to proceed to its logical conclusion. Until a carreo is executed and there is a clear opportunity to relocate the cocks to the arena.
RULE NO. 40 – DECLARATLION OF WINNER
To be declared the winner, a cock must take two (2) pecks (whether connecting or not ) on one (1) (whether connecting or not ) directed at but not necessarily touching the opponent, and the latter neither pecked nor hit back during the carreo procedure.
RULE NO. 41 – PRESUMPTION OF GOOD FAITH
In the performance of his task, good faith on the part of the referee and regularity in his actions are presumed.
RULE NO. 42 –FINALITY OF DECISION
The decision of the referee rendered in accordance with the rules is final and binding to all parties concerned.
RULE NO. 43- RECORDING OF FIGHTS
As much as possible, every derby fight of the federation shall be recorded in video tapes or similar devices. In case the referee’s decision is doubtful and becomes controversial, the derby committee shall review the video tape and make a determination on whether or not the referee has conformed with rule no. 33 and conducted himself in accordance with annex “b” of the rules.
In the pendency of the controversial decision, the referee shall be suspended from his duties, unless the derby committee directs otherwise.
RULE NO. 44- OBLIGATION TO PUT UP SUBSTITUTE COCK
In a substitution case where a matched entry cannot provide the replacement cock, the obligation shall devolve in this order:
a. To the entry leading in points scored in that derby
b. To the entry leading in total points scored in the circuit; and,
c. To the derby committee.
Where there are two (2) or more entries obliged to provide the substituted cock, the matter shall be resolved by lottery.
RULE NO. 45 – ACCEPTABILITY OF SUBSTITUTE COCK
The replacement cock in a substitution case must be acceptable to the derby committee and must be leg banded immediately after its acceptance.
RULE NO. 46- RE-SCHEDULED FIGHT
A re-schedule fight shall be subject to the time allowed in section (qq), rule no. 1
RULE NO. 47 – DISTRIBUTION OF POT MONEY
Unless otherwise proclaimed by the federation before the start of a derby, the pot money, after deducting 10% thereof for the NFGB, shall be allocated and distributed as follows:
a. Fifty percent (50%) to the champion/s;
b. Ten percent (10%) to the second placer/s
c. Thirty percent (35% ) to the other places; and
d. Five percent (5%) to the handler and heeler, shared 3:2, in favor of the former
The champion/s and second placer/s shall participate in the allocation/s for the other placer/s
RULE NO. 48 – NO BEARING FIGHTS
No-bearing fights shall be canceled and all other programmed fights shall proceed as scheduled, except in cases where the rules allow re-scheduling of fights .
RULE NO. 49- CHARGES ACCRUE TO OPERATING FUND
Unless otherwise stipulated, all fines, forfeitures, and other charges shall accrue to the operating fund of the federation.
RULE NO. 50 – TICKET TO ENTER COCKPIT
No person shall be allowed access into the venue of derbies of the federation without first obtaining a ticket for the purpose, except derby and security personnel and accredited side-bet callers/takers properly identified and wearing the prescribed uniform.
Each entry is entitled, free of charge, to three (3) tickets for himself and his guests, and another four (4) such tickets or their substitutes for the heeler, handler and other personnel of the entry . Any further need for tickets shall be paid for.
The president shall have at his disposal such number of tickets as are necessary for the use, free of charge, of personalities whose presence will, in his opinion, serve the interest and goodwill of the association.
RULE NO. 51- EXIT PASS
No entry shall be allowed to exit from the cockpit premises without first obtaining a pass for the purpose from the person designated by the federation.
RULE NO. 52- CHEATING
Any form of cheating and acts prejudicial to the interest of sabong, the federation, the derby-ists and/ or the aficionados shall subject the perpetrator/s to the severest penalties in the rules aside from criminal prosecution if warranted.
RULE NO. 53 – EXCEPTION TO 2 HOURS/16 FIGHTS REGULATION
If the 2 hours/16 fights regulation cannot be applied for lack of material time or number of fights left in the derby, re-scheduling of the fights thereby affected shall be done on the next derby day; or, if the incident happens on the last derby day, the parties affected shall endeavor to reach a compromised arrangement, failing which, the derby committee shall decide on the matter.
RULE NO. 54. OPTIONS IF MATCHED ENTRY IS DISQUALIFIED
If a matched entry is disqualified to proceed with the derby for a cause recognize in the rules, the opponents of the disqualified entry shall be.
a. Matched against each other, subject to the give or take provision in sections (a) and (b), rule no. 9 and the no double fights in rule no. 10; or,
b. Matched against jokers; or
c. Matched by a combination of sections (a) and (b) above or
d. A re-matching shall be done
Any or a combination of these options shall be employed depending on the discretion of the derby committee.
RULE NO. 55 – COUNTDOWN TO RELEASE COCK; PENALTY FOR VIOLATION
From and after the pit manager shall have evened up the center bets, the countdown begins.
The handler and his assistant who are not yet done teasing their cocks upon expiration of the countdown shall suffer from these penalties;
a. A fine equal to twenty percent (20%) of the minimum center bet for every 10 seconds delay or fraction thereof;
b. A repetition of the same infraction in section (a) in the same subsequent derby of the federation shall be similarly penalized ; and ,
c. As a consequence of section (b), the handler and his assistant shall be barred from participating in whatever capacity, in derbies of the federation.
The entry using the services of the handler and his assistant is solidarily liable for the pecuniar liabilities of the handler and his assistant.
RULE NO. 56 – CHANGES IN THE RULES
Any amendments, modifications, additions or other changes that may be made by the federation in the unified derby rules shall be furnished to each member association.
RULE NO. 57 AUTHORITY OF DERBY COMMITTEE
Decisions of the derby committed are final and binding to all parties concerned on all disputes involving the application of the rules and controverted matters not provided.
CARREO PROCEDURE (3-UP-3 DOWN SYSTEM)
The referee shall execute the carreo as follows:
1. Hold the cocks by their back feathers (including the hackle feathers), or if one or both are on the verge of death, or are battered or limp), on the breasts , whichever is appropriate, given the physical conditions of the cocks at the time;
2. Lift and bring them face to face (beak to beak ) within pecking distance (about five inches or closer if the cocks are battered) of one another, their toes at about six (6) inches from the ground ; and,
3. Release hold so the cocks drop on their toes freely to the ground, face to face;
The foregoing three steps are repeated three (3) time , (hence the term 3-up-3 –down, the traditional way of doing the carreo ), unless a decision is reached sooner or a break intervenes. The interval between the “down” positions of the carreo shall be two (2) to six 6) seconds, depending on the physical conditions of the cocks at the time, as when one or both on the verge of death.
4. If both cock peck or hit, the carreo is arrested and forth with set the cocks face to face about 1 meter apart or closer, depending on the physical conditions of the cocks, to continue with the fight.
5. If a cock pecks twice or hits once, the referee shall give the other a chance to retaliate by holding the first cock b its back and hackle feathers to prevent if from unnecessarily hitting or pecking the other; and , during the “up” position of the carreo, if the cock is battered other cock is battered and limp, its head must be positioned about 2 inches above (not directly but at 2 or 10’o clock position, depending on whether the cock is on the right or left side of the referee) that of the opponent to afford it a better opportunity to sense or notice its opponent.
5.1 If the other cock pecks or hits, whether connecting or not, break intervenes, and step no. 4 shall be repeated
5.2 If the other cock no longer pecks or hits within three (3 ) seconds (indicated by the up and down motion of the hand, the same pace and gesture as the execution of the 10 counts in boxing) after the third “down” position of the carreo, the first cock wins the fight and the referee shall so indicate by raising the winner and leaving the loser on the ground.
Given the attribute of fairplay that characterizes the Filipino sport of sabong, the referee must ever be mindful that a cock should win its fight solely on is own merit – nothing more
1. During his watch, he shall officiate cockfights, nothing more. (don’t play “kristo” for the big bettors or anybody else, or pit their cocks or do them any similar favors that might be perceived-rightly or wrongly –as currying to their sense of “generosity”.)
2. He shall maintain absolute impartiality in the performance of his duty. If he does not or cannot measure up to this standard, either by misconduct or incompetence, he shall not be allowed to officiate the derbies of the federation.
3. Before he directs the handlers to release their cocks, he shall first ascertain that the handlers, the pit personnel and facilities are in readiness to meet the requirements of the event.
4. He shall instruct the handlers to release their cocks on the designated area at the seam time (walang subuan) and to retire to their respective corners to stay there until decision is reached, unless otherwise instructed by him.
5. During the fight he shall maintain appropriate deportment and distance from the cocks according to the specific demand of events as they unfold (kung hindi kailangan, huwag lumapit sa naglalabang mga manok-mabubulabog sila), to the end that cocks are left undisturbed to do battle in their own terms.
6. In the performance of his task, he shall proceed without undue haste or delay, given the physical.
Conditions of the cocks at the time, He shall exercise due care to the end that neither cock in unnecessarily disadvantaged at any stage of the fight. In this regard, before he executes the carreo, he shall free the cocks from conditions that might impair their capability to fight, such as a leg entangles with the other, or the knife hooked to a wing, but any foreign body that might have stuck to a cock’s head or any other part of his body like feathers, blood or dirt, shall be left undisturbed.
Non-observance of any of the foregoing, or any act or omission determined by the derby committed as constituting a misconduct or incompetence , shall be penalized by reprimand, suspension, fine or removal, depending upon the wise discretion of the derby committee.
In executing the carreo, the referee must always be conscious of his standard of conduct defined in annex “b” of the rules.
While doing the carreo, the referee shall vocalize thru a microphone provided for the purpose his perceptions of the actions occurring during the carreo.
The handler must always bear in mind that the tradition of sabong, requires him to observe the basic rules of fairplay and gentlemanly conduct.
1. He must take due care that his conduct will not cause undue disadvantage to the other handler who might be less initiated in the art of pitting the fighting cock.
2. Hew shall release his cock only upon the signal of the referee on the designed release area and at the same time as the other handler (walang subuan); and,
3. After releasing his cock, he shall withdraw forthwith to his corner or assigned station and remain thereat until the fight is over, unless the referee directs otherwise.
Non-observance of any of the foregoing, or any act or omission perceived by the derby committee as a misconduct shall be penalized by a fine of five thousand pesos (Php 5,000.00 ), Php 2,000.00 in stag derby) and/or reprimand, suspension, disqualification from further releasing cocks at the discretion of the derby committee.
The entry using the services of the errant handler is solidarily liable for any fine and other pecuniary liabilities imposed on the latter.
By the very act of heeling, the heeler (mananari) represents that he has been initiated in the art and technique of properly setting the knife. Additionally, he represents that:
1. The knives (tare) he uses in his trade conform with the requirements of section (n) rule no. 1, are made of materials accepted in his trade as excellent in quality, and are free of defects and harmful substances.
2. The knife he uses for a particular cock is appropriate for the cock and is properly set and aligned; and’
3. He conducts himself in a manner that does not compromise the integrity of his profession.
If he violate; any of his commitments, he called be denied access to the venue of derbies of the association, apart from any other penalties that the derby committee may impose on him for his infraction; and, if fines and other pecuniary liabilities are components of the penalty imposed, the entry that employed his services is solidarily (solely) liable for the payment thereof.