Cojuangco’s Hacienda Luisita vs Marcos’ Department of Agrarian Reform

Land and people are the only true wealth of a nation. The elites knew these facts by heart. And the elites try to own all lands and people. Land can be owned by a sale or by gift or a deal. People can be owned thru poverty. Keep the people poor in order for the people to work for less and less benefit. Slavery of the people on their own land.

When the elites can own all the land and the people, cockfighting will be just a memory in the near future if we do not fight for the liberty and rights of all common people especially farmers like us cockfighters. As cockfighter, we are part of the animal farming industry.

Food, Shelter, Clothing, Medicine are basic human needs.

But to own land is a right of every individual.

Now, without using search, find this statement in the next sections.

The Cojuangcos have often garnered criticism for their ownership of the estate. Leftists have painted it as a symbol of the country’s paralyzing oligarchy, with some of the country’s most powerful figures all having stakes in the property.

Department of Agrarian Reform

On September 10, 1971, President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed RA 6389, otherwise known as the Code of Agrarian Reform of the Philippines, into law. Section 49 of this act mandated the establishment of a new self-contained department, the Department of Agrarian Reform, and this effectively replaced the Land Authority. In 1978, under the parliamentary form of government, the DAR was renamed the Ministry of Agrarian Reform. On July 26, 1987, the department was organized something structurally and functionally through Executive Order (EO) No. 129-A.

In 1988, Republic Act No. 6657, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) was signed into law and became the legal basis for the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). It is an act instituting a CARP with the aim of promoting social justice and industrialization. RA 6657 also provided the mechanism for its implementation. It was signed by President Corazon Cojuangco Aquino on June 10.

Hacienda Luisita

Hacienda Luisita is a 6,435-hectare sugar plantation estate located in the province of Tarlac, Philippines, owned by the Cojuangco family, which includes the late former President Corazon Cojuangco Aquino and her son, incumbent President Benigno S. Cojuangco Aquino III. It spans various municipalities in the province, including the capital Tarlac City. The hacienda is primarily within the province’s 1st and 2nd legislative districts. The estate is as large as the cities of Makati and Pasig combined.

With Ninoy Aquino and his wife Cory Cojuangco Aquino in exile in Boston, the remaining children took drastic steps in ensuring that the hacienda continued to exist and operate. To maximize the productivity of sugar and therefore profitability, a certain level of economy must be reached. Thus the Jose Cojuangcos tried their best to keep the Luisita in one piece. They refurbished and re-used old 1950s era farm machines and tools, doubled capacity production maintained low expenses. There were a lot of reasons why Luisita remained in Cojuangco hands. One, it helped that Danding Cojuangco was the de facto kingpin of Tarlac and his kind mother Josephine Murphy Cojuangco was still cordial to them. For Marcos to touch Hacienda Luisita he also would have to force Agrarian Reform into the Ysidra Cojuangco haciendas which were under the supervision of Danding Cojuangco. Thus, many haciendas around Luisita were hacked to smaller pieces such as those of the De Leóns, Escalers, Urquicos, Arrastrias, Quiasons and Gonzalezes but not those of the Cojuangcos.

During Cory Cojuangco Aquino’s presidency, the property was folded into the Hacienda Luisita Incorporated established on August 23, 1988. In compliance with the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program which at this time around did not exempt anyone whether or not they were close to President Marcos before, nearly 5,000 hectares of Hacienda Luisita were placed under a stock distribution agreement between the landowners and farm workers.

On November 16, 2004, twelve picketing farmers and two children were killed and hundreds were injured when police and soldiers dispatched by then Labor Secretary Patricia Santo Tomas, stormed a blockade by plantation workers. The protesters were pushing for fairer wages, increased benefits and, more broadly, a greater commitment for national land reform.

In 2005, the Department of Agrarian Reform canceled the stock distribution agreement, citing that it had failed to improve the lives of more than 5 000 farmer beneficiaries. Hacienda Luisita Incorporated appealed this decision, but in May 2006, the Presidential Agrarian Reform Council rejected with finality the motion of Hacienda Luisita Incorporated to reconsider the revocation of the stock distribution agreement. However, the Supreme Court issued a temporary restraining order, stopping the Presidential Agrarian Reform Council from parceling out the land to the workers.

The Cojuangcos have often garnered criticism for their ownership of the estate. Leftists have painted it as a symbol of the country’s paralyzing oligarchy, with some of the country’s most powerful figures all having stakes in the property. The estate’s incorporators, who control 70 percent of Hacienda Luisita’s stock shares, are Pedro Cojuangco, the children of Josephine C. Reyes, Teresita C. Lopa’s heirs, José Cojuangco, Jr., and Maria Paz C. Teopaco, all siblings of the late former President Corazon C. Aquino who, on the day she became President of the Philippines, bequeathed her shares to her children and the Daughters of Charity and other non-profit organizations for fear that it would be used as political propaganda. The remaining 30 percent of the stock shares was given to farm workers under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program’s stock distribution option scheme. The turmoil has reduced the output of property.

– Gameness til the End




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