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The article below mentioned
- 11 indigenous chicken breeds in China. (Some online results have 12 to 13 China indigenous chicken breeds.)
- 5 gamecock breeds indigenous to China
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- Gameness til the End
February 11, 2005
By Zhao Hongyi
Though we have many species of chickens today, mostly produced by the means of crossbreeding and even gene-modification, only 11 species are native to China. This means they are unique in gene structure to China, according to the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science.
Da Gu Ji (大骨鸡):
Available only in Liaoning Province. Strong in health and size and excellent for meat and eggs. Its large eggs are famous nationwide.
Beijing Fatty Chickens (北京油鸡):
Though not so big in size, Beijing Fatty Chicken is a popular source of chicken meat. It almost became extinct in the middle of the last century but was protected in the 1950s and is now one of the most precious local species in China.
Lu Yuan Ji (鹿苑鸡):
Originating in Jiangsu Province, Lu Yuan Ji is also called “Si Huang Ji” because of its yellow beak, feather, skin and feet. It is also the only chicken used in the famous “Jiaohua Ji” dish.
Lu Hua Ji (芦花鸡):
Originating in the west of Shandong Province, Lu Hua Ji is famous for its strong and healthy figure, its use in many food recipes and high egg production. It is one of the most popular chickens among farmers. It is commonly seen in the rural areas of North China and has become a symbol of village life. The name often crops up in literature about rural society and life.
Henan Dou Ji (Henan Fighting Chicken 河南斗鸡):
China has many types of fighting chickens, including those in Shandong, Hebei, Fujian and Taiwan. But the most famous is in Henan Province. Henan Dou Ji is the largest in size. It has a strong chest, arms and legs, and is ferocious and easy to breed. Scientists have studied Henan Dou Ji to produce better chickens in terms of health and meat.
Si Yu Wu Gu Ji (丝羽乌骨鸡):
It has excellent white feathers, black skin and bones. It is part of a traditional Chinese medicine, particularly helpful for women recovering from pregnancy.
Gui Fei Ji (Concubine Chicken 贵妃鸡):
This type of chicken originated from Shanxi Province. A tale says that over 1,000 years ago in the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Xuanzong and his concubine, Yang Guifei, ordered a dish of “the meat flying in the sky” one time when they were drunk. The royal cooks d not have “the meat flying in the sky” immediately to hand, so they produced a dish using the native chickens. The emperor and his concubine were fully satisfied and named the dish “Gui Fei Ji”.
Lang Shan Ji (狼山鸡):
Originated in Jiangsu Province. Strong in health and high production in meat. In 1872, Lang Shan Ji was introduced to the UK and was used in the production of the world famous Orpington chicken. After that, it was introduced to the US, Germany and Japan. Today, with the introduction of overseas species, Lang Shan Ji is decreasing in numbers and only 2000-3000 exist.
Cha Hua Ji (Camellia 茶花鸡):
A strong and active chicken found only in the small tropical area of Xishuangbana in Yunnan Province. It prefers to stay on tree branches, runs fast and is seen in farmers’ yards. The cock looks like the local camellia whe it crows, hence the name.
Zang Ji (藏鸡):
A chicken only available in Tibet, strong and well adapted to the high plateaus, and with unique, well-preserved genes. Zang Ji cannot be bred on a large scale.
Xiao Shan Ji (萧山鸡):
Also called “San Huang Ji” in Shanghai, because of its yellow feathers, neck and feet. Originating in Xiaoshan County, Zhejiang Province, it has been brefor over 2,000 years. Xiao Shan Ji has excellent meat and high production of eggs. It is also the major type of chicken consumed in Hong Kong.